Thursday, January 8, 2009

The Importance of Buckland


Fauquier County Public Library is hosting a free lecture in January entitled The History and Importance of the Town of Buckland presented by David Blake at 3 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 18, in the John Barton Payne Building.

Mr. Blake, owner of Buckland Farm and a thoroughbred operation, is active in preservation efforts for the historic area of the 18th and 19th century Town of Buckland. The town was the site of numerous technological and entrepreneurial innovations on a variety of fronts, including thoroughbred breeding, road engineering, banking, law and politics. It is also a site of significance to Native Americans and was the location of a Civil War battle sometimes referred to as The Buckland Races. Mr. Blake was instrumental in forming the nonprofit foundation The Buckland Preservation Society that is working to place conservation easements over the battlefield landscapes.

The Battle of Buckland Mills, also known as The Buckland Races or Chestnut Hill, was fought by more than 12,000 Union and Confederate forces during the War Between the States on Oct. 19, 1863. Near Buckland Mills on Broad Run, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry shielded the withdrawal of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s army from the vicinity of Manassas Junction after defeat at Bristoe Station and an aborted advance on Centreville. Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick fought Stuart’s cavalry along the Warrenton Turnpike. Confederate forces routed the entire Federal cavalry there and the Federal troopers were scattered and chased five miles to Haymarket and Gainesville. The Confederates derisively called the affair "The Buckland Races."

The lecture is the first in a series of lectures on historical topics sponsored by the library and the Fauquier Heritage Institute to be presented this year. The Fauquier Heritage Institute was created to promote the study and love of American history and presented free lectures by experienced speakers and historians. Contact program Co-chairs Mrs. Paula Johnson, (540) 341-7019, or Mrs. Jackie Lee, (540) 347-0607, for more information or to volunteer.

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